Peng Ba Bai (1882-1971), the word Ji Yan, also known as Hong En, was named Genglan Mountain. He was born in Wangli, Quzhou County, Hebei in 1882, and lives in Nanjie in the city.
Peng Bayai loved painting and calligraphy since he was a child.
In the early years, because of his poor life, he moved to Jinan, Henan, Suzhou, Taiyuan, Yichang and other places several times; the Beiyang period worked in the old army; in the autumn of 1926, he was aware of the affairs of Badong County. In the same year, he returned to Beijing to sell painting.
Although he was in politics, he did not abolish Han Mo. He was republished after publishing the "Peng Yan Shi Lan Book" in 1943; in 1952, it was hired as a librarian in the Central Cultural and History Museum. work.
Peng Bayai is diligent and easy to learn, keeps writing, has experienced ups and downs, and has a revolution. He is a predecessor of calligraphy and painting in modern Chinese modern history and is known for his painting. Peng Bayai made paintings in Lanshi, good at Lanshi, and idiot orchid, forming his own unique style. The preference of this subject matter is first related to its understanding of Confucian culture. The special features are not only their beautiful and exquisite shapes, but also in the symbolic gentleman’s virtue, that is, the "gentleman Bide" advocated by Confucianism. Combining the elegant elegance of Lancao and the vulgar character of Junzi, which is used to compare the character’s high -clean character and super -detached temperament. The Confucian "Bide" gives Chinese traditional culture very profound. For thousands of years, the natural beauty is related to the morality of people, and the flowers and trees such as plums and bamboo chrysanthemums have always been metaphorical of the gentleman’s virtue. It is the favor of literati painters of the past. Peng Ba Bai’s preference for Lanshi theme is related to the admiration of the Confucian influence of Qu Yuan.
He once told his friends that he prefers the theme of Lanshi.
"I learned about it for decades and do things that I have exposed to ancient and modern characters. Only the great poet Qu Yuan had the deepest impact on me. Why did I decide to paint stone? Stone is a strong thing that represents the festival; Lan is a symbol of elegance."
He once wrote the poem: "After Qu Yuan went, there was no confidant, who continued" Li Sao "as Chu Ci", "Painting and painting Lan Sao Ya, to be together with the words and guests." Compared with the expression of thinking about Qu Yuan.
Peng Bailai Lanshi painting art and the art of old age have achieved quite high achievements. The essence of goodness from the ancient paintings, and the painting skills are innovative. His orchid painting is the most wonderful, very casual, chic and elegant, brilliant, gesture, and business. It can be described as unique. The stone he painted was strange, exquisitely clear, and as if he was in a natural.
Combining the tough personality of the stone and singing from poetry. This is difficult to achieve the realm and artistic accomplishment of literati style. The eight hundred elderly people have reached. , The elite people are only eight hundred elderly people, God is 矣 "; Zhang Daqian commented:" The eight hundred elderly people wrote Cong Lanxuan, and the ancients were invincible, and they were close to the present. " I don’t see much "; Guo Fenghui has a poem:" Make ink truths can be proclaimed in five colors, long arrows are dirty and wind cigarettes, Zhijun loves natural drafts, and once sat in the mountains and watch for a year. " However, we can be sure of the unanimous approval and appreciation of Peng Ba’s Lanshi.
Peng Bayai’s calligraphy is also fine. The painting style of "using books into painting" is not related to his calligraphy. His calligraphy is rounded, relaxed and free, but not to be dangerous. Just like his orchid stone, elegant fragrance, especially his natural cursive script, the layout is sparse, the distance is generous and leisurely, the body is elegant and beautiful, and it is bland and innocent. Appreciating his calligraphy, unknowingly nervous, felt empty and lyrical.
In 1962, at the painting and calligraphy exhibition in Beijing, Peng Laoyi’s couplet calligraphy "always listened to Chairman Mao and resolutely followed the Communist Party", leaving a deep impression and appreciation for visitors. Peng Baibai also has a high level of accomplishment in poetry. In his early years, he was very active in the poetry world. In the 20th century, Beijing established a poetry organization mainly created ancient poetry, the Poor Poetry Society. At that time, the "Langyuan Poetry Society" could be described as a talent, gathered in China’s first -class cultural celebrities, including eighty -hundred elderly people. Peng Laoping is approachable, loyal and sincere, and often actively given by poetry, calligraphy and painting. His calligraphy is superior, the poetry is agile, the pen is stood, and it is a masterpiece.
As three different artistic expressions, poetry and painting have their own different characteristics. The combination of these three, painting and poetry calligraphy are on the paper, making poetry, calligraphy and painting surpass their respective performance fields; poetry is more picture -sensitive, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting, painting. With the time dimension of poetry, calligraphy carries more image meaning.
This combination is the concentrated display of traditional Chinese culture, and it is the most unique feature of Chinese painting visual art. Therefore, in the history of Chinese art, "three poems, calligraphy and painting" have become one of the important guidelines for evaluating literati painting achievements.
Peng Ba’s old man’s paintings, elegant calligraphy, elegant calligraphy, and poetic are three must -have. His painting and calligraphy achievements originated from the traditional characteristics of Chinese art, and also originated from his elegant spirit and personality.